Brazil has a vast marine area, called the Blue Amazon (about 4.5 million km2), which shelter an exclusive marine diversity in the country. Various organisms as well as their associated microbiota (fungi, bacteria, viruses) are potential sources for the discovery of new molecules and biotechnological products. In a context where biodiversity has been progressively reduced and where there are numerous technological gaps in various sectors of society (health, agriculture, environment, for example), the value of natural products to the economy is incalculable. Oceanic islands, coastal region and deep sea are relevant sources of new bioactive molecules. In addition, marine fishing and aquaculture activities in Brazil already provide biomass in large quantities that can present bioelements for use in the food and pharmaceutical industries, thus promoting bioeconomics.
The National Research Network on Marine Biotechnology was born from the union of competencies and the enormous articulation between organized research groups that had already defined common protocols of work and interaction of capacities. Based on this premise, it established strategic thematic laboratories aimed at developing research that extends the frontiers of marine biotechnology. The National Marine Biotechnology Research Network develops pioneering studies focused on solving problems that affect Brazilian society aiming at economic and social development, with environmental responsibility. Strategic partnerships with companies from Brazil and abroad are opening up the possibility of developing products and processes, aiming at the production of foreign exchange for our country through the marine bioeconomy. This initiative is foreseen in the IX Sectorial Plan of Resources of the Sea of the Interministerial Commission for the Resources of the Sea (CIRM).